Stricter Regulations on 1,4-Dioxane in Cosmetics

stricter-regulations-14dioxiane-cosmetics

Although most organisations categorize 1,4-dioxane as a suspected carcinogen, it is found in many of our products. This issue has raised the concern amongst consumers. In recent years, stricter laws on the level of 1,4-dioxane has been imposed. Other than the regulations in ASEAN and EU, New York’s governor Andrew Cuomo also signed a bill prohibiting the sale of any household cleaning products, cosmetics, and personal care products that contain 1,4-dioxane above trace concentrations.

1,4-dioxane is a by-product formed through ethoxylation and is a contaminant found in many products. It is also known as dioxane, dioxan, p-dioxane, diethylene dioxide, diethylene oxide, diethylene ether and glycol ethylene ether.

Classifications of 1,4-dioxane:
  • EU: category 2 (suspected of causing cancer).
  • International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC): Group 2B (possibly carcinogenic to humans)
  • US Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA): Group B2 (probable human carcinogen or likely to be carcinogenic to humans)
  • Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH): Potential occupational carcinogen

Regulations of 1,4-dioxane:

Limitations
  New York ASEAN Cosmetic Directive EU Cosmetic Directive
Type of Product/ Effective Date 1 January 2022 1 January 2023 19 June 2020
19 June 2023
2016
Cosmetics ≤ 10 ppm ≤ 10 ppm
≤ 25 ppm ≤ 10 ppm
Under List of prohibited substances (Annex II-343)
Personal Products ≤ 2 ppm ≤ 1 ppm
≤ 25 ppm ≤ 10 ppm
Household Cleaning Products ≤ 2 ppm ≤ 1 ppm

Our solution

We are committed in understanding how your products will be impacted. Are you looking to explore dioxane-free alternatives? Maha Chemicals supplies glutamate/alaninate and APG which are dioxane-free solutions for your products.

Attributes Glutamate/
Alaninate
APG Betaines SLES Alkyl Sulfosuccinate AOS Imidazolidine/
Amphoacetate
Isethionate
Free from Toxic Residues/ Dioxane Yes
☆☆☆☆☆
Yes ☆☆☆☆☆ No
☆☆
No
No
☆☆
No
☆☆
No
☆☆
No
Natural & Sustainable ☆☆☆☆☆ ☆☆☆☆☆ ☆☆ ☆☆☆ ☆☆ ☆☆ ☆☆
Mildness (see previous slide) ☆☆☆☆☆ ☆☆☆☆ ☆☆☆ ☆☆ ☆☆☆☆ ☆☆ ☆☆ ☆☆☆
Effect on skin ( harsh & Adsorption) ☆☆☆☆☆ ☆☆☆☆ ☆☆☆ ☆☆☆ ☆☆ ☆☆☆ ☆☆☆
Biodegradable ☆☆☆☆☆ ☆☆☆☆☆ ☆☆☆☆ ☆☆☆ ☆☆☆☆ ☆☆☆ ☆☆☆☆ ☆☆☆☆
Carbon Footprint ☆☆☆☆☆ ☆☆☆☆ ☆☆☆ ☆☆☆ ☆☆☆ ☆☆☆ ☆☆☆ ☆☆☆☆
Energy Savings ☆☆☆☆☆ ☆☆☆☆ ☆☆☆ ☆☆☆ ☆☆☆ ☆☆☆ ☆☆☆ ☆☆☆☆
Formulation Compatibility & Easy to Formulate ☆☆☆ ☆☆☆☆ ☆☆☆☆☆ ☆☆☆☆☆ ☆☆☆☆ ☆☆☆☆ ☆☆☆☆ ☆☆☆☆
Hard Water Tolerance ☆☆☆☆☆ ☆☆☆☆☆ ☆☆☆☆☆ ☆☆☆☆☆ ☆☆☆☆☆ ☆☆☆☆☆ ☆☆☆☆☆ ☆☆☆☆☆
Total Score 46 42 35 31 34 30 31 34
Excellent =☆☆☆☆☆; Good = ☆☆☆☆; Fair = ☆☆☆; Poor = ☆☆; Very Poor = ☆

Interested in trying our solution?

Contact us for free samples now!!

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