Green Surfactants For Sustainable Cleaning

green eco-friendly sustainable cleaning

In recent years, consumers are inclined towards naturally based, ecologically friendly and sustainable products. Surfactants are a major component of cleaning products and hence there is a shift towards increasing the usage of more natural surfactant technologies. Green labels and sustainability credentials are highly sought after, and many companies try to substitute conventional surfactants with green surfactants like Alkyl Polyglucosides (APG) to avoid using petroleum feedstock. Another green surfactant, Alkyl Ethoxy Polyglucosides (AEG), is a new and improved version of the current APG.

What is Alkyl Polyglucosides (APG)?

APG production process

APGs are non-ionic surfactants derived from natural fatty alcohols and glucose from renewable plants. They are mild and effective as surfactants in cleaning products.

Different Grades of APGs

No. INCI Name Carbon Chain APG Grades
1 Caprylyl/ Capryl glucoside C8-C10 APG0810
2 Coco glucoside C8-C14 APG0814
3 Decyl glucoside C8-C14 APG0814
4 Lauryl glucoside C12-C14 APG1214

Key Benefits of APGs

benefits of apg

What Is Alkyl Ethoxy Polyglucosides (AEG)?

It is a new non-ionic surfactant where the polyoxyethylene chain was introduced between the alkyl chain and polyglycosides group. Similar to APGs, AEGs are mild, biodegradable and have strong detergency. They also qualify as green surfactants and are RSPO certified, Eco-certified and REACH compliant.

Key Improvements of AEGs

Improvements and benefits of AEG

Which Surfactant Should You Use?

APG vs AEG

Formulation Guide Using APG: Dish Wash

Phase Material Function INCI Name Supplier % W/W
A Tetrasodium EDTA Chelating Agent Tetrasodium EDTA 0.1
Aquademin Solvent Add to 100
B Texapon N70 Main Surfactant Sodium Laureth Sulfate BASF 10
WQ 818CG Secondary Surfactant Coco Glucoside Jiangsu Wanqi 10
CAPB KA30 Co-Surfactant Cocamidpropyl betaine Vance 5
CDE K82 Viscosity builder Cocamide DEA Vance 5
C Troycare BD55 Preservative DMDM Hydantoin Troy 0.5
D Citric acid (50%) solution / NaOH (20%) pH Adjuster Citric acid, water
NaOH, water
qs

Procedures

  1. Predisperse phase A at room temperature
  2. Add phase B, continue mixing
  3. Add preservative then mix
  4. Adjust pH to the range 7 -8

End Product Properties

Appearance Clear viscous liquid
pH 7 – 8

Formulation Guide Using AEG: Floor Cleaner, Strong Cleaner And Less Foaming

Phase Material Function INCI Name Supplier % W/W
A HEC Thickener Hydroxyethyl cellulose 0.7
Deionized water Solvent Water Add to 100
B AEG 1511 Surfactant Isooctyl/Capryl Glucoside Wanqi 5
C Arquad 2.10-80 Antimicrobial Didecyldimethylammonium chloride Noryoun 0,5
D Fragrance Fragrance Fragrance qs
Coloring agent Coloring agent Coloring agent qs

Procedures

  1. Heat and mix phase A at 70oC.
  2. Add phase B then continue mixing.
  3. Cool down to 60oC, then add phase C.
  4. Cool down to 40oC, then add phase D.
  5. Check the pH and adjust if required.

End Product Properties

Appearance Blue viscous liquid
pH 9
Viscosity, cps 1520 #3 spindle,18rpm

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